Tag Archives: Graph Explorer

Add Graph Application Permissions to Managed Identity using Graph Explorer

I use Managed Identites in Azure for a lot of different automation scenarios, for example if I want run a Logic App or an Azure Function that should securely call an API like Microsoft Graph..

In such a scenario, the Managed Identity, represented by its Service Principal, needs to be granted application permissions to the API. Let’s say for example that you want to list Intune Managed Devices in your Organization using the Microsoft Graph API, using a Function App or Logic App for example and connect to the Graph API using a Managed Identity.

Then you would need to give that Managed Identity an App Role assignment for the application permission in Graph that is called DeviceManagementManagedDevices.Read.All. If you use that Managed Identity for example in a Function App or Logic App, they could then call the Microsoft Graph API as illustrated below:

Currently there are no way to manage these application role assignments in the Azure Portal GUI. You can verify the permissions, but not add or remove them.

For reference, usually you would do this using cmdlets in Azure AD PowerShell:

See Gist from my GitHub on how to create App Role Assignment for Managed Identity using PowerShell

Today I would like to show how you can do this with a “GUI” after all, by using the Microsoft Graph Explorer!

Prerequisite – Sign in and Connect to Graph Explorer

Many of you might be familiar with Graph Explorer, but if you aren’t you can find it at the Microsoft Graph documentation site, or just use this short url: https://aka.ms/ge.

In Graph Explorer you need to sign in (and consent to permissions) so that you can access your organizations’ data via Graph API. Note that your organisation might have restrictions in place for users consenting to permissions for API’s, and in any case if you want to use my example here for adding Microsoft Graph API application permissions, you will need to be a Global Administrator anyway.

Part 1 – Find the Service Principal of the Managed Identity

The first thing we need to do is to find the Service Principal that represents your Managed Identity. I will assume that you already have a Managed Identity created and are familiar with the concept, if not you can read more about it and how to create on this link: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/managed-identities-azure-resources/overview.

I will now search for the Service Principal in Graph Explorer. You can do this by running something similar to this query:

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/servicePrincipals?$search="displayName:msi"&$count=true

PS! You must add ConsistencyLevel = eventual i Request Header to be able to run the search and count parameter.

In my example I’m searching for a User Assigned Managed Identity that I know I have prefixed with the name “msi”, but you can also search for System Assigned Managed Identities, these will have the name of the resource you have assigned it to (name of the Function App, Logic App, etc).

When I run this example query currently in my tenant, I get a count of 5 service principals, one of which is the Managed Identity I’m looking for. The thing of interest for me here is the Id of the Service Principal, in the green box below. I have also a yellow box around the name of the Managed Identity, which you can see is a User Assigned Identity created in a Resource Group where I connect it to Logic Apps.

Take a note of that Id, you will need it later. You can now also get the Service Principal directly by Id:

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/servicePrincipals/{your-managed-identity-service-principal-id}

Part 2 – Find the Service Principal of the Microsoft Graph (or other) API

Next, we also need to find the service principal in your organisation that represent your instance of the multi tenant App that is “Microsoft Graph”.

Microsoft Graph API always has the appId that is: 00000003-0000-0000-c000-000000000000

In every Azure AD organisation the Microsoft Graph API application is represented by a Service Principal, you can find this with the following query:

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/servicePrincipals?$filter=appId eq '00000003-0000-0000-c000-000000000000'

You will now need to note the “id” of that Service Principal, that will be the “resourceId” to be used later, and this resource “id” is different for every Azure AD organization/tenant:

Part 3 – Find the Application Role that will be the Permission you want to assign

Now that we have the Service Principal Id of the Managed Identity, and the Service Principal Id of the Microsoft Graph Resource in your Azure AD Organization, we need to find the Id of the actual application role permission you want to assign.

You can now use the Service Principal Id you retreived in part 2, to list all available app roles by appending /appRoles to the query:

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/servicePrincipals/{your-graph-serviceprincipal-id}/appRoles/

Now, there are a lot of application role permissions for Microsoft Graph, so we need to do a search. Unfortunately, not all Graph resources support all OData filter queries, and not everything is documented, but as far I can see I cannot use $search or $filter inside a specific service principal resource. For example I would want to do something similar to this query:

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/servicePrincipals/{your-graph-serviceprincipal-id}/appRoles?$search="displayName:Intune"

But this will return an error like this:

This might be fixed at a later time, but for now we can just use the browser’s search function (CTRL+F), so when I query for all /appRoles, I will get them all listed, and then just search for the application permission I want:

Not so elegant, I know, but at least I will get that specific application role id I need for the next step.

(PS! Graph API will usually return max 100 values and in this case the Graph API has less than that. If there were to be more than 100 results, then the request will be paged and with a odata.nextlink for the next page of results).

Anyway, I now have the 3 parts I need to create the application role assigment for the Managed Identity.

Part 4 – Assign Application Role to Managed Identity

We can now assign the application role to the service principal, and as documented here, we will need the following 3 id’s:

  • principalId: The id of the user, group or client servicePrincipal to which you are assigning the app role. This will be the id of the Managed Identity service principal we found in part 1.
  • resourceId: The id of the resource servicePrincipal which has defined the app role. This will be the id of the Microsoft Graph service principal we found in part 2.
  • appRoleId: The id of the appRole (defined on the resource service principal) to assign to a user, group, or service principal. This the app role id we found by searching the appRoles for the resource id in part 3.

To create this assignement we need to do a POST query in Graph Explorer, with Content-Type application/json in the Header, and the following request body:

POST https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/servicePrincipals/{your-graph-serviceprincipal-id}/appRoleAssignedTo

Content-Type: application/json

  "principalId": "{your-managed-identity-service-principal-id}",
  "resourceId": "{your-graph-serviceprincipal-id}",
  "appRoleId": "{your-app-role-id}"

After you run this query, you should get a status of 201 Created and a response like the following:

You can now also verify this assignment in the Azure AD Portal. If you go to Enterprise Applications, and search for {your-managed-identity-service-principal-id}, you should find your Managed Identity. From there you can click on Permissions under Security, and you will see the application permissions that you have granted. PS! I had already added another for writes as well:

Part 5 – Managing Application Role Assignments

After adding application permissions for the Managed Identity, you can also use Graph Explorer for viewing current application role assignments, as well as remove existing role assignments.

To get App Role Assignments for the Service Principal that is your Managed Identity, use the following query:

GET https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/servicePrincipals/{your-managed-identity-service-principal-id}/appRoleAssignments

This will return all the application permissions assigned to this Managed Identity Service Principal:

And then if you want to delete an application role assignment, you need to run a DELETE query as following:

DELETE https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/servicePrincipals/{your-graph-serviceprincipal-id}/appRoleAssignedTo/{appRoleAssignment-id}

The {appRoleAssignment-id} would be the “id” from the GET /appRoleAssignments shown above. When run successfully you should you should receive as status of 204 – No Content:


In this blog post I have show how you can use Graph Explorer to add Graph API application role permissions to your Managed Identity. Similar steps can be used against any Azure AD protected API other than Graph you would want your Managed Identity to access.

Thanks for reading!

Get and Set Automatic Replies like OOF with Microsoft Graph

Hi, a short blog post this time as Summer Vacation 2019 is here shortly! And on that note, the topic of the post is to show how you can get and set automatic replies with Microsoft Graph. Automatic replies, previously known as Out of Office (OOF) messages is a mailbox setting for each Exchange Online enabled user.

The Microsoft Graph API documentation for mailbox settings is located here: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/graph/api/user-get-mailboxsettings?view=graph-rest-1.0&tabs=http, and besides automatic replies you can also get and set locale (language and country/region), time zone, and working hours.

But for now we will only focus on automatic replies, using the automaticRepliesSetting resource type: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/graph/api/resources/automaticrepliessetting?view=graph-rest-1.0.

This resource type has the following settings:

   "externalAudience": "String",
   "externalReplyMessage": "string",
   "internalReplyMessage": "string",
   "scheduledEndDateTime": {"@odata.type": "microsoft.graph.dateTimeTimeZone"},
   "scheduledStartDateTime": {"@odata.type": "microsoft.graph.dateTimeTimeZone"},
   "status": "String"

Let’s look at some different samples, and I will use Graph Explorer (https://aka.ms/ge). Please note that every end user already have user permission to get or set their own mailbox settings, but you need an Exchange Admin role to get or set the settings for other users in your organization. In addition, if you create your own app registration for Microsoft Graph, you need to make sure the app has either MailboxSettings.Read or MailboxSettings.ReadWrite permission.

In Graph Explorer, after you sign in with your work account, you can modify these permissions if needed:


After signing out and in again you will be prompted to consent, if you havent already:


Get Current Mailbox Settings

To get your own current settings you can run the following:

GET /me/mailboxSettings

In Graph Explorer this would look like this, and you might have some previous values set here. In my example automatic replies have a status of disabled:


To get another users mailbox settings you can run the following (but then you must be an Exchange Admin):

GET /users/{id|userPrincipalName}/mailboxSettings

Simple Update of Status

Lets see how Microsoft Graph can be used to change the status value, there are 3 different settings:

  • disabled. No automatic replies are sent.
  • alwaysEnabled. Automatic replies are sent as specified.
  • scheduled. Automatic replies are sent if between a specific time period.

First, change the method i Graph Explorer to PATCH:


Then you need to supply a request body. This sample is just for enabling automatic replies:

    "@odata.context": "https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/$metadata#Me/mailboxSettings",
    "automaticRepliesSetting": {
        "status": "alwaysEnabled",

So paste that body to Graph Explorer and then Run Query:


You should then get a successful response. Likewise you can set the status to “disabled” again, or to “scheduled”. But using scheduled means that you must set some datetime values as well.

Set Scheduled Automatic Replies

To set scheduled automatic replies, in your request body include the resource types scheduledStartDateTime and scheduledEndDateTime. You can read more about that resource type here, including available time zones: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/graph/api/resources/datetimetimezone?view=graph-rest-1.0. This is a sample specifying a scheduled automatic replies:

    "@odata.context": "https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/$metadata#Me/mailboxSettings",
    "automaticRepliesSetting": {
        "status": "scheduled",
        "scheduledStartDateTime": {
            "dateTime": "2019-07-15T08:00:00.0000000",
            "timeZone": "Europe/Berlin"
        "scheduledEndDateTime": {
            "dateTime": "2019-08-09T16:00:00.0000000",
            "timeZone": "Europe/Berlin"

Customize internal and external reply messages

The last part is where we put it all together, specifying the following values:

  • internalReplyMessage: Plain text or HTML formatted message sent to all internal users in your organization as the automatic reply.
  • externalReplyMessage: Plain text or HTML formatted message sent to all external users as the automatic reply, but depending on this value:
  • externalAudience: If “none”, no external users will get automatic replies, if “contactsOnly” replies will only be sent to users in your contacts, and if “all” every external user will get a reply.

So this is a working sample of a complete request body:

    "@odata.context": "https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/$metadata#Me/mailboxSettings",
"automaticRepliesSetting": {
        "status": "scheduled",
        "externalAudience": "contactsOnly",
        "internalReplyMessage": "<html>\n<body>\n<div></div>\n<div>Hi, I'm enjoying summer vacation 2019. I'm back at work August 12th!</div>\n<div><br>\n</div>\n<div>Kindly Regards</div>\n<div>Jan Vidar Elven</div>\n<div></div>\n</body>\n</html>\n",
        "externalReplyMessage": "<html>\n<body>\n<div></div>\n<div>Hi, I'm enjoying summer vacation 2019. I'm back at work August 12th!</div>\n<div><br>\n</div>\n<div>I'll only read e-mails intermittently, and rarely respond before I'm back. Please contact management if anything urgent business needs follow up. Contact info on our website.</div>\n<br>\n</div>\n<div>Kindly Regards</div>\n<div>Jan Vidar Elven</div>\n</div>\n<div></div>\n</body>\n</html>\n",
        "scheduledStartDateTime": {
            "dateTime": "2019-07-15T08:00:00.0000000",
            "timeZone": "Europe/Berlin"
        "scheduledEndDateTime": {
            "dateTime": "2019-08-09T16:00:00.0000000",
            "timeZone": "Europe/Berlin"

In Graph Explorer:


And I can verify in my Outlook settings:


Summary and Usage Scenarios

Beside that it is always fun to learn something new about the Microsoft Graph, and automation, the reality is that for many users they will just click to enable or disable automatic replies directly in their Outlook client, both Office Outlook, Outlook Mobile and Outlook on the Web supoorts this. Finding out how to do it with Graph took me just under 2 hours, including writing this blog post. But then again, I learned something new! And I picked up a couple of more tips and tricks on different JSON Request Body constructs 😉

Anyway, in a bigger picture, Graph API is great for customizing, integrating, reporting and automating, so if your organization maybe have create a vacation calendar, you could use the Graph API to automatically enable or disable out of office replies, this is just one example, many more will exist. Please share with me in the comments if you have done or plan to do something with this or similar.


But first: Summer Vacation 2019! And I’m all set with automatic replies !