Tag Archives: Azure AD PIM

Getting started with Azure AD PIM PowerShell Module

This is a short blog post showing how you can get started and some examples of using the PIM PowerShell Module for Azure AD Privileged Identity Management.

You can read more about Azure AD Privileged Identity Management here: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/active-directory-privileged-identity-management-configure, or by just using the following short URL: https://aka.ms/AzureADPIM!

Installing the Azure AD PIM PowerShell Module

Since there are no PIM related commands in the AzureAD or AzureADPreview PowerShell Modules, we will have to install a separate module for PIM. You can find this module at the PowerShell Gallery here: https://www.powershellgallery.com/packages/Microsoft.Azure.ActiveDirectory.PIM.PSModule

To install the module just run the following command in an elevated PowerShell session:

Install-Module Microsoft.Azure.ActiveDirectory.PIM.PSModule

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After installing you can list the available commands in the PIM module:

Get-Command -Module Microsoft.Azure.ActiveDirectory.PIM.PSModule

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Here is a short explanation of the available commands:

  • Connect-PimService. Prompts you to log on with an Azure AD Account that might have any PIM roles assigned. You can optionally specify a username, tenantname or credential object as parameters. Especially tenantname would be useful if you are a guest user with roles assigned in another tenant.
  • Show-PimServiceConnection. This will show the active PimService session details you have, after connecting with Connect-PimService.
  • Get-PrivilegedRoleAssignment. This would list any permanent or eligible role assignments the user you connected with using Connect-PimService has.
  • Enable-PrivilegedRoleAssignment. This command will enable a specified role assignments. It is required to specify which role either by RoleId or by a RoleAssignment variable. It is also required to specify a Duration for activation. Optional parameters includes Reason, TicketNumber, TicketSystem and StartTimeUtc.
  • Disable-PrivilegedRoleAssignment. If you previously have activated one or more roles with Enable-PrivilegedRoleAssignement, you can preemptively deactivate these roles again before the duration expires. You must specify a RoleId or RoleAssignment variable.
  • Disconnect-PimService. Disconnects any previous sessions to PimService.

Examples of Azure AD PIM Commands

In the following I will show some examples of using the Azure AD PIM Module.

Connect-PimService

In the following I’m connecting with a specified username, if it is required to use Azure MFA for this user I will be prompted for that as well:

Connect-PimService –UserName <username>

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After authenticating, PIM service connection details are returned, here slightly masked:

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The above returned is exactly the same as would be returned by running the command:

Show-PimServiceConnection

Get-PrivilegedRoleAssignment

This command will list any role assignments, permanent or eligible your user might have. Here is a couple of examples for outputs for two different admin users. The first user is eligible for Security Administrator and Privileged Role Administrator, and permanent for Global Administrator:

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The second admin user is eligible for Exchange Administrator and Global Administrator:

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If I want to assign a variable to a role assignment, I can do it like the following command:

$roleAssignment = Get-PrivilegedRoleAssignment | Where {$_.RoleName -eq "Privileged Role Administrator"}

I now have a role assignment variable I can use in the following commands.

Enable-PrivilegedRoleAssignment

To enable one of my roles, I need to specify a duration (PS! keep inside the allowed role settings for max duration!), and specify which role either by RoleId or RoleAssignment variable. Optional parameters like Reason etc can also be specified.

Here is a working example:

Enable-PrivilegedRoleAssignment –Duration 1 –RoleAssignment $roleAssignment –Reason “Add crmadmin to CRM Administrators”

After running the command, if successful it will return as a submitted request for activating role membership.

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By running Get-PrivilegedRoleAssignment again, we can now see that the role of “Privileged Role Administrator” is indeed activated (elevated), and with a ExpirationTime (UTC time):

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PS! If you have required MFA on activation for the role, one of two things will happen:

  1. If the user already has verified the identity with Azure MFA when authenticating with Connect-PimService, the user will not be asked again. This is the same experience as by using the Azure Portal for activating roles.
  2. If the user hasn’t verified with Azure MFA, the user will be prompted when activating the role, similar to this example:

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Disable-PrivilegedRoleAssignment

Any roles you have activated will automatically deactivate after the duration specified has passed. However, if you are finished doing administrative tasks with your role, you can deactivate the role manually.

To deactivate an active assignment, run the following command specifying a RoleId or RoleAssignment variable:

Disable-PrivilegedRoleAssignment –RoleAssignment $roleAssignment

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Disconnect-PimService

To end your connection to Azure AD PIM Service, run the following command:

Disconnect-PimService

After running that command you can also see that there are no role assignments to list anymore.

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Hope these commands and examples have been helpful, enjoy working with Azure AD PIM!

How to configure Conditional Access for Azure AD PIM

Azure AD Privileged Identity Management is a really great security feature for controlling those Azure AD and Azure Subscription administrator roles. By implementing Azure AD PIM you can let users with admin roles elevate themselves when they need to, using just in time (JIT) and eligible roles instead of permanent admin roles. You can even implement approval workflows and audit trails, so if you haven’t looked into it you should really take a look!

With Azure AD PIM you can require Azure MFA when activating admin roles, but outside that you cannot set conditions and access control scenarios like you can do with Azure AD Conditional Access.

But now recently there is a new option in public preview for assignments to users and groups for Conditional Access policies, you can assign the CA policy to directory roles!

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So I was wondering how this would work together with Azure AD Privileged Identity Management, for example in the following scenario:

I have an Exchange Administrator that from time to time performs Exchange Online admin tasks, and have configured this admin user with Azure AD PIM and eligible for Exchange Administrator Role among others:

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Lets say that I only want this user to perfom Exchange Administrator tasks from a Compliant Device. Even though the Azure AD PIM role is protected by MFA at activation, making the user secure and trusted, I really want the device he is using to be secure and compliant with any management profiles I have defined using Intune MDM. Especially when he is doing admin stuff in our Exchange Online tenant or even running some Exchange Online PowerShell commands.

Lets set up this scenario.

Creating Azure AD Conditional Access Policy for Directory Role

The first thing I set up is the CA policy for my specific Directory Role in this scenario. I specify a name and then select the Directory role of Exchange administrator as shown below:

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Next for Cloud apps I select Exchange Online:

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For Access controls I select to require the device to marked as compliant:

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After that I enable the policy and save. We are now ready to test the user experience.

Testing Azure AD PIM Role Activation and Conditional Access

So now we can test the scenario. Remember that the idea is that the CA policy only will kick in when the user has activated his Azure AD PIM role assignment as Exchange Administrator.

PS! If this user also has a Exchange Online license and mailbox, the same CA policy will apply and require the device to be compliant as long as the Exchange Administrator role is active. That could pose some not intended side effects, requiring the devices that access Exchange Online for normal mailbox access to be compliant as well, but as long as the Exchange Online Admin isn’t available as a Cloud app in Conditional Access we have to do it this way.

With my admin user, I first go to http://aka.ms/myroles, which will redirect me to my roles defined in Azure AD PIM. Lets sign in first:

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And here is my eligible roles:

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I select the action link to activate my Exchange Administrator role, and then to verify my identity with Azure MFA:

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After verifying I can specify a reason or adjust the activation duration:

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After that I’m activated and has an access valid for the set period of time:

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Now, let’s go to to the Exchange Online Admin portal: https://outlook.office365.com/ecp. After signing in, if I’m not already signed in, I will get this message:

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The details will tell me that the access rules require a compliant device:

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We could also check using Exchange Online PowerShell module, and I get the same message:

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Note that this message only works with the Connect-EXOPSSession that use Modern Authentication. The “old” way of using remote PowerShell and credential object to Exchange Online use basic (legacy) authentication so we cannot control that information flow, but the admin user will be denied there as well:

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To conclude this blog post, I have shown that by combining the new preview feature of Directory Roles assningments for Azure AD Conditional Access, and Azure AD Privileged Identity Management, we can implement more complex scenarios for conditions and access rules for using those directory roles. In my example I used compliant device, but you could also use any other of the conditions and access controls available.