Tag Archives: Azure AD Premium

How to enable Azure MFA for Online PowerShell Modules that don’t support MFA?

In this blog post I will look into how you can accomplish Azure Multi-Factor Authentication for Admins even though the Online PowerShell Module don’t support it. The key to do this is to implement and use Azure AD Privileged Identity Management, which is an Azure AD Premium P2 / EMS E5 feature.

The Problem

Administration of Online Services with PowerShell can be done with different PowerShell modules or for some scenarios setting up a remote session to the Online Service.  But not all scenarios support Azure MFA natively.

A quick overview of the main modules that DO support Azure MFA today:

All of these above supports Azure MFA as long as you are not passing in a Credential object. There are also more advanced scenarios for programmatic access with Access Token and Certificates that I will not cover here for some of these modules. The main thing is that when you create a Credential object with Get-Credential, and pass that in as a Parameter to the above modules, Azure MFA will not work if the Admin user has been configured to use that. We’ll see some examples later in the blog. Note also that if you have an older version of MSOnline or Aadrm which required the Online Sign-In assistant, these will not work with Azure MFA and you must upgrade to the latest versions.

So what about the modules and scenarios that don’t support Azure MFA. These are mainly Office 365 and Remote PowerShell:

  • Exchange Online Remote PowerShell (Update, a new Exchange Online Remote PowerShell module has now been released, but for a normal PowerShell remoting session this would still not support Azure MFA)
  • Skype for Business Online Remote PowerShell
  • Office 365 Security & Compliance Center Remote PowerShell

In these scenarios you must create a Credential object, and pass that in as a parameter when connecting to the service, thus blocking the use of Azure MFA.

A Security Best Practice for Admins

Today I just don’t find it acceptable for Admin accounts for any Online Service like Azure or Office 365, to not use Multi-Factor Authentication or some other protection mechanism, and just depend on username and password!

In addition to that, as an Organization you have to have control of your identities, employees and admins come and go, I have seen many times that Organizations still have Admin accounts for users that have left the company for a long time ago.

Most Organizations have Directory Synchronization from local Active Directory to Azure AD, making it possible to synchronize your local admin accounts. You then have a choice: Should I use synchronized admin accounts for the Admin Roles in Azure/Office 365? Or should I only create Cloud only admin accounts for this purpose?

My security best practice is to use a combination of both, so that:

  • Synchronized On-Premise Admin Accounts for the most important, permanent and sensitive admin accounts, like Global Admins, Security Admins, Azure Subscription Admins and more. These accounts will be set up to require Azure MFA, as these accounts possibly can connect to On-Premise resources.
  • Cloud Only Admins accounts for Role Based Administration, additional temporary Global Admins or other scenarios for intermittent Azure and Office 365 administration. These accounts will not be set up for Azure MFA, but I use Azure AD Privileged Identity Management to require Azure MFA when activating the role. Some of these accounts also includes service accounts for Directory Synchronization, Intune Connector etc.

The Solution

I have found that the best way to protect both type of Admin accounts is to use the Azure AD Privileged Identity Management and Azure MFA in combination so that:

  • In general all of the permanent Admin Accounts with a few exceptions are required to use Azure MFA. These Admin accounts can use all PowerShell modules that support MFA when connecting.
  • Role-based admins (for example Exchange Admins, Skype for Business Admins,..) are set up to be Temporary/Eligible Admins in Azure AD Privileged Identity Management, which require Azure MFA at activation time. After the admin role is activated, he or she can use the PowerShell modules/remote sessions that don’t support Azure MFA natively.

The downside of this solution is that Azure AD Privileged Identity Management require an Azure AD Premium P2 license or Enterprise Mobility E5 license, which will be Generally Available Sept 15th. Azure MFA are free to use for Admin accounts for Online Services.

How to set it up

In the following steps I will show how to set this up and how it will work. For the purpose for this demo I will work with my demo environment with the tenant name elven.onmicrosoft.com. I have also configured directory synchronization from my on-premise Active Directory, these users will have a UPN suffix of elven.no.

In my environment I have a fictional character called Ola Nordmann. Ola is an Exchange Admin in our Hybrid Exchange environment, and needs permissions to administer Exchange Online in Office 365 both via the management portal and via Exchange Online PowerShell.

Ola has these two accounts now in Azure AD:

image

As per the solution described, I will configure and require Azure MFA for the on-premise admin account, and for the cloud admin account I will use Privileged Identity Management and MFA for role activation.

Configure Multi-Factor Authentication

The easiest way to enable MFA for a user is via the Office 365 Admin portal at https://portal.azure.com. In the user list I find and select the admin user I want to enable MFA for:

image

The Manage multi-factor authentication will take me to the Azure AD multi-factor authentication administration page, where I find and select the admin user:

image

On the right-hand side I select to Enable for the selected user(s):

image

After that I confirm that I want to enable MFA for the user:

image

And get confirmation:

image

Now I see that the status is Enabled, this means that the user needs to log on and configure the authentication method for MFA first:

image

Configure Admin Role

Next, I will give Ola Nordmann the Exchange Administrator role, so that he can administer Exchange Online.

Back in the Office Admin portal I see that the user now has no roles:

image

I select Edit, and choose the Customized administrator and Exchange administrator role, and add the e-mail address of the user:

image

Next, I add the same Exchange administrator role to the Ola Nordmann (Cloud Admin) user:

image

So, at this time, both admin users are Exchange administrators, but only the ola.admin@elven.no on-premise admin account has been configured for multi-factor authentication.

Log on and activate multi-factor authentication method for admin user

Now I will log on the ola.admin@elven.no account to https://portal.office.com.

Since this admin account has been configured for MFA, I must set that up now:

image

I need to select an authentication method. In this demo I will use the Microsoft Authenticator App:

image

I select to set up and configure the mobile app:

image

I open up the Microsoft Authenticator app on my phone, and follow the instructions from above. After that I get confirmation that the mobile app has been configured.

image

Now I need to select Contact me to test the authentication:

image

At my phone I get the notification in the App and select verify, and I should be successful. Since I only have set up the mobile app, I also need to add phone number verification in case I lose access to the app. I type my mobile phone number and press next.

image

And in the last step I get an app password to use on some apps, I will not be needing this now for this demo, and click Done:

image

Back in the portal login, I will now be prompted to authenticate with my app:

image

After successfully authenticating I’m logged in to the portal:

image

And since this user has an Exchange administrator role, I can see limited information in the Office 365 admin portal and launch the link to the Exchange admin portal:

image

Try to access Exchange Online PowerShell with MFA enabled admin

First, a quick look back at the multi-factor authentication administration page, where the admin user status has now been updated to Enforced. This happens after the users have been enabled for MFA, and after they have successfully configured their authentication methods. Enforced means that they will now be required to do MFA when authenticating against online services:

image

Let’s try to access Exchange Online PowerShell with this admin user. Instructions for connecting with PowerShell for Office 365 services are detailed here: https://support.office.com/en-us/article/Managing-Office-365-and-Exchange-Online-with-Windows-PowerShell-06a743bb-ceb6-49a9-a61d-db4ffdf54fa6?ui=en-US&rs=en-US&ad=US

I launch a PowerShell window and get a Credential object:

image

After that I try to create a remote session with that credential:

image

As expected this will fail, as multi-factor auhtentication is required for the ola.admin@elven.no account.

In the next part we will look at the other cloud admin user and configure the workaround using Azure AD Privileged Identity Management.

Configure Azure AD Privileged Identity Management for Exchange administrators

At this next step I log in as a Global Administrator, and if I haven’t already added the Privileged Identity Management solution, I can add it from the Azure Marketplace:

image

The first Global Administrator that set up Privileged Identity Management will added to the Security Administrator and Privileged Role Administrator Roles. After that we can manage the privileged roles. If you have previously added the solution, you will have to activate your Privileged Role administrator first.

image

When I select the Exchange Administrator role, I can see both admin accounts for my Ola admin user. These roles are assigned on a permanent basis:

image

Azure AD Privileged Identity Management will let me assign and change admin roles from permanent to eligible for temporary activation. I will do this for the ola.admin@elven.onmicrosoft.com cloud admin account:

image

After I click Make eligible, the admin account are removed from permanent role and are now listed as Eligible:

image

Lets click on the Settings button for the Exchange Administrator role. At settings I can set the activation duration, email notifications, ticketing and fore some roles I can select whether to require multi-factor authentication for activation:

image

These settings can also be set as default for all roles:

image

At this point my cloud admin ola.admin@elven.onmicrosoft.com has been removed as a permanent Exchange Administrator, and will require activation before he will be temporarily activated as an Exchange Administrator for one hour duration.

Log on as admin user without activation

When I log in to the Office 365 portal with the ola.admin@elven.onmicrosoft.com, I will see that this user is just a normal user with no admin links, This is expected as the user hasn’t activated the Exchange Administrator role.

image

Activate the Exchange Administrator Role

Next I go to the Azure portal at https://portal.azure.com still logged on as ola.admin@elven.onmicrosoft.com. First I need to add the Privileged Identity Management solution:

image

After adding the solution, I can request activation for the roles I’m eligible for, in this case Exchange Administrator:

image

When requesting activation I need to verify my identity first:

image

If my account hasn’t already been set up for multi-factor authentication, it will be guided to do that now:

image

After configuring and verifying multi-factor authentication, I can now activate my Exchange Administrator role and provide a reason:

image

After successful activation I can verify the duration I will be activated for:

image

Log on to the Office 365 Portal and Exchange Admin Center after activation

After activation, I should log off and back on with my activated admin role account, and this time I will see the Exchange Admin portal:

image

Log on to Exchange Online PowerShell after activation

And finally, I can start an Exchange Online PowerShell Session with my activated account. First I get my credential:

image

Then I can create the remote Exchange Online session and import it to PowerShell:

image

And finally just try out some Exchange Online administration successfully:

image

Summary

At the end of this long blog post, we can summarize that we have accomplished the solution of adding Azure Multi-Factor Authentication for scenarios where the PowerShell Module or Remoting Session does not natively support it. This is made possible by using Azure AD Privileged Identity Management, and by making some role administrators eligible and require MFA when activating. This way they have verified their identity before they connect with the Credential object.

This is just one scenario where both Azure AD MFA and Privileged Identity Management can be used together for increased security and reduce the attack surface of having vulnerable permanent administrator accounts and roles.

I hope this blog post have been informative and helpful, please reach out or comment if you want to know more or have any questions.

Experts and Community unite at last ever #SCU_Europe 2016! #ExpertsLive next

This years SCU Europe 2016, for the first time outside Switzerland in the 4th year running, was held in Berlin at the BCC (Berlin Congress Center) close to the Alexander Platz in the eastern parts of “Berlin Mitte”.

 

 

The intro video introducing the Experts:

Let’s begin with the end: at the closing note SCUE general Marcel Zehner announced and with a little bit of emotion that this was the last ever SCU Europe to be held.. You and your organization should be proud of what you have achieved, Marcel, it is one of the best community conferences around, and I have been fortunate to be able to visit all 4 starting with Bern in 2013, Basel in 2014 and 2015, and now Berlin in 2016. It’s only cities with B’s is it? In fact, you never know what twists and turns your career takes, but looking back I’m not sure I would be where I am now in turn of being presenter, MVP and community influencer myself if I had not travelled alone to Bern 4 years ago, that’s where I really started working with and for the Community (with a capitol C)!

Luckily SCU Europe will continue as Experts Live Europe next year! Same place at BCC, same organization and format, and the same dates only next year it will be: 23rd – 25th of August 2017. A new web page was launched, www.expertslive.eu, and Twitter (@ExpertsLiveEU) and Facebook have been changed to reflect that. The hash tag #SCU_Europe will eventually be inactive and you should now use #ExpertsLive.

image

I think this is a very good decision, there has already been discussion on that the name “System Center Universe” is not really reflecting the content and focus of the conference, now embracing the Cloud, with content areas for Management, Productivity, Security, DevOps, Automation, Data Platform and more. ExpertsLive, originally a 1-day community conference in Netherland running each year back from 2009 and with up to 1200 participants, will now be a network of conferences, ranging from region based (ExpertsLive Europe, but also SCU APAC and SCU Australia will be ExpertsLive APAC and Australia next year), and local, country based ExpertsLive like the one in Netherlands, but more will come.

image

The closing note video announcing Experts Live Europe:

This year at SCU Europe I was one of the Experts and presented two sessions on “Premium Identity Management and Protection with Azure AD” and “Deep Dive: Publishing Applications with Azure AD”. I also took part in a “Ask-the-Experts” area together with Cameron Fuller and Kevin Greene where we took questions on the topic System Center 2016. I participated on a discussion panel on Friday morning with Markus Wilhelm from Microsoft Germany on the subject Defense Strategies and Security, and of course we had the Meet and greet with the Experts at the Networking party. It was a really great experience speaking at this conference, thanks for having me!

 

 

 

 

The content of the conference this year was great, and for the first time there was 5 tracks, with over 70 sessions presented! All presentations and session recordings will be at Channel 9 in a few weeks time, so make sure you look at anything you missed or want to see again if you where there, or if you weren’t at the conference this year you can look at your sessions of interest.

I was travelling with a group this year, both from my company and some of our customers, in total we were 7 in the group, and also had 3 cancellations the last week before the conference from some customers that could not make it after all. Moving the conference to Berlin is a big part of why it now was easier to attract more Nordic attendance I think. We stayed at the Park Inn by Radisson right by the Alexander Platz and BCC, so it was really central and nice.

 

 

 

 

In good tradition there are a lot of parties and social networking going on. On the first night there are the Sponsors and Speakers Party, which was held in Mio right by the TV Tower by Alexander Platz, on Thursday we had the attendee Networking Party at the conference center. Later that night our group and some more partners/customers of Squared Up went on to another party at Cosmic Kaspar. It was really hot, so basically the party was at the pavement! On the last day we had the Closing Drinks, sponsored by Cireson and itnetX at Club Carambar, also close to the Alexander Platz. In addition, there are a lot of unofficial gatherings going on, lots of laughs and new and old friends have a good time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

See you next year at Experts Live Europe in Berlin 23-25th August, 2017!

Publish the itnetX ITSM Portal with Azure AD App Proxy and with Conditional Access

Last week at SCU Europe 2016 in Berlin, I presented a session on Application Publishing with Azure AD. In one of my demos I showed how to use Azure AD Application Proxy to publish an internal web application like the itnetX ITSM Portal. The session was recorded and will be available later at itnetX’s Vimeo channel and on Channel 9.

In this blog post I will detail the steps for publishing the portal in Azure AD, and also how to configure Conditional Access for Users and Devices. Device compliance and/or Domain join conditional access recently went into preview for Azure AD Applications, so this will be a good opportunity to show how this can be configured and how the user experience is.

Overview

itnetX has recently released a new HTML based ITSM Portal for Service Manager, and later there will be an analyst portal as well.

This should be another good scenario for using the Azure AD Application Proxy, as the ITSM Portal Web Site needs to be installed either on the SCSM Management Server or on a Server that can connect to the Management Server internally.

In this blog article I will describe how to publish the new ITSM Portal Web Site. This will give me some interesting possibilities for either pass-through or pre-authentication and controlling user and device access.

There are two authentication scenarios for publishing the ITMS Portal Web Site with Azure AD App Proxy:

  1. Publish without pre-authentication (pass through). This scenario is best used when ITSM Portal is running Forms Authentication, so that the user can choose which identity they want to log in with.
  2. Publish with pre-authentication. This scenario will use Azure AD authentication, and is best used when ITSM Portal Web Site is running Windows Authentication so that we can have single sign-on with the Azure AD identity. Windows Authentication is also default mode for ITSM Portal installations.

I will go through both authentication scenarios here.

I went through these steps:

Configure the itnetX ITSM Portal Web Site

First I make sure that the portal is available and working internally. I have installed it on my SCSM Management Server, in my case with the URL http://azscsmms2:82.

In addition to that, I have configured the ITSM Portal to use Forms Authentication, so when I access the URL I see this:

image

Create the Application in Azure AD

In this next step, I will create the Proxy Application in Azure AD where the ITSM Portal will be published. To be able to create Proxy Applications I will need to have either an Enterprise Mobility Suite license plan, or an Azure AD Basic/Premium license plan. App Proxy require at least Azure AD Basic for end-users accessing applications, and if using Conditional Access you will need a Azure AD Premium license. From the Azure Management Portal and Active Directory, under Applications, I add a new Application and select to “Publish an application that will be accessible from outside your network”:

I will then give a name for my application, specify the internal URL and pre-authentication method. I name my application “itnetX ITSM Portal”, use http://azscsmms2:82/ as internal URL and choose Passthrough as Pre-Authentication method.

After the Proxy Application is added, there are some additional configurations to be done. If I have not already, Application Proxy for the directory have to be enabled. I have created other Proxy Applications before this, so I have already done that.

After I have uploaded my own custom logo for the application, I see this status on my quickstart blade for the application:

image

I also need to download the Application Proxy connector, install and register this on a Server that is member of my own Active Directory. The Server that I choose can be either on an On-Premise network, or in an Azure Network. As long as the Server running the Proxy connector can reach the internal URL, I can choose which Server that best fits my needs.

When choosing pass through as authentication method, all users can directly access the Forms Based logon page as long as they know the external URL. Assigning accounts, either users or groups, will only decide which users that will see the application in the Access Panel or My Apps.

image

I now need to make additional configurations to the application, and go to the Configure menu. From here I can configure the name, external URL, pre-authentication method and internal URL, if I need to change something.

I choose to change the External URL so that I use my custom domain, and note the warning about creating a CNAME record in external DNS. After that I hit Save so that I can configure the Certificate.

image

After that I upload my certificate for that URL, and I can verify the configuration for the external and internal URL:image

When using passthrough I don’t need to configure any internal authentication method.

I have to select a connector group, where my installed Azure AD App Proxy Connectors are installed, and choose to have the default setting for URL translation. Internal authentication is not needed when using Pass Through authentication:

image

If I want, I can allow Self-Service Access to the published application. I have configured this here, so that users can request access to the application from the Access Panel (https://myapps.microsoft.com). This will automatically create an Azure AD Group for me, which I either can let users join automatically or via selected approvers:

image

After I have configured this, I am finished at this step, and can test the application using pass through.

Testing the application using pass through

When using Pass through I can go directly to the external URL, which in my case is https://itsmportal.elven.no. And as expected, I can reach the internal Forms Based login page:

image

For the users and groups I have assigned access to, they will also see the itnetX ITSM Portal application in the Access Panel (https://myapps.microsoft.com) or in My Apps, this application is linked to the external URL:

image

This is how the Access Panel looks in the coming new look:

image

Now I’m ready to do the next step which is change Pre-Authentication and use Azure AD Authentication and Single Sign-On.

Change Application to use Azure AD Authentication as Preauthentication

First I will reconfigure the Azure AD App Proxy Application, by changing the Preauthentication method to Azure Active Directory.

Next I need to configure to use Internal Authentication Method “Windows Integrated Authentication”. I also need to configure the Service Principal Name (SPN). Here I specify HTTP/portalserverfqdn, in my example this is HTTP/azscsmms2.elven.local.

image

PS! A new preview feature is available, to choose which login identity to delegate. I will continue using the default value of User principal name.

Since I now will use pre-authentication, it will be important to remember to assign individual users or groups to the Application. This enables me to control which users who will see the application under their My Apps and who will be able access the application’s external URL directly. If users are not given access they will not be able to be authorized for the application.

Enable Windows Authentication for itnetX ITSM Portal

The itnetX ITSM Portal site is configured for Windows Authentication by the default, but since I reconfigured the site to use Forms Authentication earlier, I just need to reverse that now. See installation and configuration documentation for that.

It is a good idea at this point to verify that Windows Integrated Authentication is working correctly by browsing internally to the ITSM Portal site. Your current logged on user (if permissions are correct) should be logged in automatically.

Configure Kerberos Constrained Delegation for the Proxy Connector Server

I now need to configure so that the Server running the Proxy Connector can impersonate users pre-authenticating with Azure AD and use Windows Integrated Authentication to the Squared Up Server.

I find the Computer Account in Active Directory for the Connector Server, and on the Delegation tab click on “Trust this computer for delegation to specified services only”, and to “Use any authentication protocol”. Then I add the computer name for the web server that the ITSM Portal is installed on and specify the http service as shown below (I already have an existing delegation set up):

image

This was the last step in my configuration, and I am almost ready to test.

If you, like me, have an environment consisting on both On-Premise and Azure Servers in a Hybrid Datacenter, please allow room for AD replication of these SPN’s and more.

Testing the published application with Azure AD Authentication!

Now I am ready to test the published proxy application with Azure AD Authentication.

When I go to my external URL https://itsmportal.elven.no, Azure AD will check if I already has an authenticated session, or else I will presented with the customized logon page for my Azure AD:

image

Remember from earlier that I have assigned the application either to a group of all or some users or directly to some pilot users for example.

If I log in with an assigned user, I will be directly logged in to the ITSM Portal:

image

However, if I try to log in with an Azure AD account that hasn’t been assigned access to the application, I will see this message:

image

This means that the pre-authentication works and I can control who can access the application via Azure AD.

Conditional Access for Users and Devices

When using Azure AD as preauthentication, I can also configure the application for conditional access for users and devices. Remember this is a Azure AD Premium feature.

From the the configuration settings for the application I can configure Access Rules via MFA and location, and Access Rules for devices which now is in Preview:

image

If I enable Access Rules for MFA and location I see the following settings, where I can either for all users or for selected groups require multi-factor authentication, or require multi-factor when not at work, or block access completely from outside work. I have define my network location IP ranges for that to take effect.

image

If I enable Access Rules for devices, I see the following settings. I can select for all users or selected groups that will have device based access rules applied (and any exceptions to that).

I can choose between two device rules:

  • All devices must me compliant
  • Only selected devices must be compliant, other devices will be allowed access

If I select all devices, a sub option for windows devices shows where I need to select between domain joined or marked as compliant, or just marked as compliant or domain joined selectively.

image

If I select the second option, I can even specify which devices will be checked for compliancy:

image

So I can with different access rules for both MFA, location and selected devices, in addition to the Azure AD Preauthentication, apply the needed conditional access for my application.

In this case I will select device rules for compliant/domain joined, and for all the different devices. This will mean that for users to access the ITSM Portal, their device must either be MDM enrolled (iOS, Android, Windows Phone) or in the case of Windows devices either be MDM enrolled, Azure AD Joined, Compliant or Domain Joined. Domain joined computers must be connected to Azure AD via the steps described here: https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/active-directory-azureadjoin-devices-group-policy/.

After I’m finished reconfiguring the Azure AD App Proxy Application, I can save and continue and test with my devices.

Testing device based conditional access

Lets see first when I try to access the ITSM Portal via an unknown device:

image

On the details I see that my device is Unregistered, so I will not be able to access the application.

Now, in the next step I can enroll my Windows 10 Device either through MDM or via Azure AD Join. In this scenario I have added my Windows 10 to Azure AD Join:

image

If I look at the Access Panel and Profile I will also se my devices:

image

The administrator can see the Device that the user has registered in Azure Active Directory:

image

Lets test the published ITSM Portal again:

image

Now I can see that my device has been registered, but that it is not compliant yet, so I still cannot access the ITSM Portal.

When I log on to the Client Manage Portal (https://portal.manage.microsoft.com), I can see that my Windows 10 Device not yet are Compliant:

image

So when I investigate, fix whatever issues this device has and then re-check compliance, I can successfully verify that I should be compliant and good to go:

image

After that, I’m successfully able to access the ITSM Portal again, this time after my device has been checked for compliance:

image

Summary

In this blog post we have seen have to publish and configure the itnetX ITSM Portal with Azure AD Application Proxy, using both pass-through authentication and Azure AD Preauthentication with Kerberos constrained delegation for single sign-on.

With the additional possibility for conditional access for users and devices, we have seen that we can require either MFA or location requirements, and device compliance for mobile platforms and windows devices.

Hope this has been an informative blog post, thanks for reading!

PS! In addition to access the application via the Access Panel (https://myapps.microsoft.com), I can use the App Launcher menu in Office 365 and add the ITSM Portal to the App chooser:

image

This will make it easy for my users to launch the application:

image

Speaking at System Center Universe Europe 2016 – Berlin

I’m really excited that I will have two sessions at this years SCU Europe in Berlin, August 24th – 26th. System Center Universe Europe is a really great community conference that focuses on Cloud, Datacenter and Modern Workplace Management, covering technologies like Microsoft System Center, Microsoft Azure, Office 365 and Microsoft Hyper-V. Read more about SCU Europe here: http://www.systemcenteruniverse.ch/about-scu-europe.html

I have been visiting all SCU Europe Conferences since the inaugural start in Bern 2013. I met some amazing MVPs, sponsors and community leaders already then, in fact it inspired me even more to share more of my own workings and knowledge by blogging, using social media and eventually speaking at technical  and community conferences myself.  The following two years SCU Europe were held in Basel, both the great conference venue at Swissotel and lest not forget Bar Rouge had its fair share of memorable moments 🙂

This years SCU Europe will be held in Berlin from the 24th to the 26th of August. Moving the conference to Berlin is a smart move I think, it will make the conference even more accessible to most European and overseas travelers, and attract the attendance it deserve.

A few months ago I received some great news, I had two sessions accepted for SCU Europe, and received my first Microsoft MVP Award for Enterprise Mobility. I’m really happy to not only go and learn and enjoy the conference sessions and community, but also to contribute myself along with over 40 top, top speakers from all over the world!

My first session will cover “Premium Management and Protection of Identity and Access with Azure AD”:

image

In the session I will focus on Azure AD Identity Protection, Azure AD Privileged Identity Management for controlling role and admin access, how to monitor it all will Azure AD Connect Health, and how Azure Multi-Factor Authentication works with these solutions. The session will cover the recent announcements regarding Enterprise Mobility + Security.

The second session will be a deep dive on “Publish Applications with Azure AD”:

image

In this demo-packed session I will go deep into what you need to get started on publishing the different types of applications, and how to configure and troubleshoot user access to these applications. The session will cover Azure AD Single Sign-On and Password Single Sign-On, integrating Azure AD SSO with your internally developed applications, and publishing applications with Azure AD App Proxy that either use pre-authentication or pass through.

Hope to see you at the conference, and if you haven’t registered yet there is still time: http://www.systemcenteruniverse.ch/registration.html

New look coming to Azure Active Directory Access Panel #AzureAD

A quick update on coming changes to the Azure Active Directory Access Panel at https://myapps.microsoft.com.

When I log in with my Azure AD work account I see that there is a notification that a new look is coming soon and I can try it out:

image

The new applications look:

image

The new groups look, where I can see which groups I own and which I am member of:

image

For groups I can join or leave, change settings for groups I own and see members.

Looking at my logged in user in the right top corner, I see that I have a notification for pending actions, in this case I have an approval waiting to join a group I own:

image

Looking more at my profile I can change my associated Azure AD Organizations, or go to my Profile page:

image

The Profile page has a new look as well, where I can see my information, manage my account with password change or reset setup (depending on Azure AD Premium or EMS license and configurations), and I can view my devices and activity status.

image

This new look seems to be out there for everyone to try out now, and looks great so far.

And by the way: There is still no support for Edge browser when trying to run a published application that use Password SSO and require the Access Panel Extension:

image

Session Recap – Nordic Infrastructure Conference (NIC) 2016 – Publishing Azure AD Applications

This week I had the pleasure of not only revisiting Nordic Infrastructure Conference (www.nicconf.com), but also presenting a session myself: Deep Dive – Publishing Applications with Azure AD. My session was about how you with Azure AD can publish applications from a SaaS Gallery, your organization’s own applications, or internal applications that will be accessible outside with Azure AD Application Proxy.

This was the 5th anniversary of NIC, held in Oslo, Norway and the venue of Oslo Spektrum. NIC has been established as a premium event for IT-professionals, attracting internationally renowned speakers and MVPs, SMEs and Partners.

In this blog post I will do a recap of my session, for both attendees that was there and others that couldn’t be. I will also expand on some of the things we went through in the session as there were some limits to the time we could use on several demos.

Proud Speaker

The presentation and session recording will later be available at the www.nicconf.com webpage. At the end of this blog post, there is also a link to where you can download the presentation and other code samples and files that where used in the session.

Session Menu

The theme for the presentation was to present a menu for publishing Azure AD Applications with Azure AD. The menu would consist of required ingredients, recipes for publishing scenarios, consumption of the published applications from the users’ perspective, and some extras and tip for self-servicing and troubleshooting.

I started with pointing to the key features of Azure AD as an Identity and Access Management Solution, for both Cloud and On-Premise Solutions, an enabler for true Enterprise Mobility and Business Everywhere, with one common, hybrid identity. There are some important Business Value for Organizations such as controlling access to applications, single sign-on, conditional access, hybrid identity and self-servicing.

Ingredients

It is no surprise that you need Azure AD as a key ingredient 😉 But what edition of Azure AD should you use? Free, Basic or Premium? In the session I covered the most important differences relevant for Publishing Applications, where you would need at least Basic to be able to publish internal applications with Azure AD App Proxy, and Premium Edition if you want to cover all the self-servicing scenarios and advanced reporting. For all details, refer to https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/active-directory-editions/.

In addition to the application you want to publish, you will need an Azure AD identity, either a cloud based identity or a hybrid identity synchronized with Azure AD Connect.

In the first demo of the session we looked into configuring and verifying that your Azure AD tenant is ready for publishing applications.

Recipes

The publishing scenarios we looked at in the session was from the following menu of three alternatives in Azure AD:

Add an application from the gallery

The first publishing scenario we looked at in the session was publishing applications from the SaaS gallery of applications. The gallery contains over 2500 different SaaS applications, many offering both true Single Sign-On (SSO) with Azure AD and provisioning/de-provisioning of users and groups. Other applications provide password-based same sign-on.

The demos in the session used two different SaaS apps as example; Twitter and Google Apps.

Twitter is a good example of a SaaS application using password same sign on.

When configuring single sign-on for Twitter, we don’t have the option of using Azure AD Single Sign-On. Some applications can maybe support one of the federation protocols implemented in a local ADFS or a third-party provider, but that is dependent on the application. So for Twitter we will typically use Password Single Sign-On.

After configuring Password Single Sign-On, the next step is to assign account to the application. When assigning accounts, you can select that the users enter passwords themselves in the Access Panel. Or you can enter the credentials on behalf of the user.

This opens up a very interesting scenario: Consider you have a company based social media account on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram or other. All the users in the marketing department should have access to that/those application/applications, so you start handing out the username and password to the shared account. This is a risk, as users can lose the password and it can get on wrong hands, or maybe previous employees that are no longer in the company still have the username and password to the application.

With Azure AD, by entering the Twitter credentials on behalf of the user, they are never given the logon details directly. And when they leave the organization after removing the user from Azure AD, they will no longer have access. You can even apply conditional access policies for the application.

You can even configure automatic password rollover to update the password at a defined frequency:

The other part of the demo focused on Google Apps. I had an existing subscription for Google Apps, which I configured to use Azure AD Single Sign-On and account provisioning for.

There is a complete tutorial for configuring SSO and provisioning for Google Apps at https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/articles/active-directory-saas-google-apps-tutorial/.

In the demo I created a test user named nicconf@elven.no, and assigned that user to the Google Apps application.

I showed that the user didn’t exist in the Google Apps user directory for my organization, and after a while (new user accounts are provisioned ca every 10 minutes), the user appeared in the Google Apps directory via Azure AD.

The new user can now use Azure AD SSO when logging into Google:

I’m redirected to my Azure AD tenant for signin in:

And then the user is logged in to Google:

Add an application my organization is developing

The next part of the publishing scenarios was adding applications that my organization is developing. Most times these applications will be Web Applications or Web API, but it’s possible to publish native client applications also.

When creating a web application you give it a name, and a sign-on url and unique app id uri:

Keep in mind that creating a web application here only does the publishing part of it, you still would need to create the actual application somewhere, for example as an App Service in an Azure Subcstiption.

You can have the web applications do their own authentication, for example integrating with on-premise Active Directory Federation Services, or you can have the application use Azure Active Directory as SSO provider.

In the session demo we looked at how we could quickly create a Web Application, integrate it with Azure AD for authentication and publish it. These are the main steps:

  1. Create a new Web App in you Azure Subscription. In the new Azure Portal for your subscription, under App Services create a new Web App. The Service Name must be unique, and you select either an existing resource group or create a new, and specify an App Service plan.
  2. After the Web App is created, open the application properties and under Settings find Features and Authentication / Authorization:
  3. Enable App Service Authentication and log in action. Enable Azure Active Directory as authentication provider and configure Express settings. PS! Here we can create and publish a new AD App (or select an existing one) also. We created a new one for our demo:
  4. Remember to save the Web App and the first part of the demo is done. A this point you can go to http://nicconfdemowebapp.azurewebsites.net, and be prompted to sign in with a Azure AD account from the directory the application was configured for. There is no content in the application, and every user in the Azure AD directory can access the application as long as they authenticate:
  5. The next part of this demo was to change some configuration settings for the published web application which is now published to Azure AD:
  6. I want to upload a custom logo, and configure the application so that only assigned users/groups can access it. First upload a logo:
  7. Then at the Configure page, I select that user assignment is required to access the App:
  8. Then after saving, I go to the Users and Groups page, and select to assign the users I want:

    If you assign individual users the assignment method will be Direct, if you assign Groups the members will assigned by inheritance.

  9. Now, if I start a new session to the Web App and log in with a user that has not been assigned, I will get this message:
  10. The final steps of this demo showed how you can create some content in that Web App via Visual Studio. There are several development tools you can use, I have been using Visual Studio 2015, and you can download a Community Edition that is free if you don’t have a license. In my example I created a VB.NET Web App Project, and by using a Publish Profile file and some custom code I was able to show the logged in users claim properties.You can even create App Services directly from Visual Studio, and create and publish Azure AD Web Apps from there. But if you download this file from the Web App:


    And import it to the Visual Studio project, you can publish your changes directly.

  11. This is the result for the demo web application, the code is included at the end of this blog post:

Publish an application that will be accessible from outside your network

The third scenario for publishing applications with Azure AD is the applications you want to be available from outside your network. These applications are internal web applications like SharePoint, Exchange Outlook Web Access or other internal web sites, you can even publish Remote Desktops and Network Device Enrollment Services (NDES) with Azure AD Application Proxy.

Azure AD App Proxy uses Connector Servers and Connector Groups inside the on premise infrastructure that must be able to connect to the internal URLs. These Connector Servers also can perform Kerberos Constrained Delegation for Windows Authentication, so that you can use Azure AD Single Sign-On to those internal applications.

A sample diagram showing the communication flow is shown below:

In the demo we looked at how you could install and configure a Connector installation, and organize Connector Servers in Groups for the applications to use. Here are some of the steps required:

  1. First the setting for enabling Application Proxy Services for the Azure AD Directory must be enabled, and Connectors downloaded for installation.
  2. You create and manage connector groups:
  3. And organize the installed connectors in those groups:
  4. When these requirements are in place you can start publishing your internal web applications.

For each internal published web application, you can configure authentication method, custom domain names, conditional access and self-servicing options. For details on how to do these different configurations, see previous blog posts I have published on this subject:

Consumption, Self Service and Troubleshooting

The last part of the session focused on the user experience for accessing the different published Azure AD applications.

User can access Azure AD published applications via:

  • Access Panel, https://myapps.microsoft.com
  • My Apps (iOS, Google Play)
  • App Launcher in Office 365
  • Managed Browser App with My Apps
  • Directly to URL

The Access Panel is a web-based portal that allows an end user with an organizational account in Azure AD to view and launch applications to which they have been assigned access. The Edge browser in Windows 10 is not fully supported yet, so you need to use either Internet Explorer, Chrome or Firefox for all supported scenarios. In addition, an Access Panel Extension needs to be installed for accessing Password SSO Applications.

The Access Panel is also where users can view account details, change or reset password, edit multi-factor authentication settings and preferences, and if you are using Azure AD Premium self-manage Groups.

The Access Panel via Internet Explorer:

The Access Panel via My Apps and Managed Browser Apps:

If the user is licensed for Office 365, the published applications are available via the App Launcher and URL https://portal.office.com/myapps:

Conditional Access, which is an Azure AD Premium licensed feature, can be configured for each published Azure AD Application. These settings consist of enabling Access Rules for All Users or selected Groups, and optionally with exceptions to those users/groups. The access rules settings are requiring multi-factor authentication, require MFA when not at work, or block access when not at work. For the location based rules to work there must be configured IP addresses/subnets for the company’s known IP address ranges.

Instead of Assigning Users and Groups you could also let users manage self-service access to the published applications. When configured a group will be automatically created that application, and optionally you could configure 1 or more Approvers:

The end user will access this self-servicing via the Access Panel:

The session was wrapped up with some links to troubleshooting and more resources:

Presentation and files downloads

The presentation and files used in the demos can be downloaded from this link: http://1drv.ms/1Q429rh

Thank you for attending my session and/or reading this recap!

How to enable Conditional Access for Azure RemoteApp Programs

Last week I published a blog article on how to publish the System Center Service Manager and Operations Manager Consoles as Azure RemoteApp Programs. (See https://systemcenterpoint.wordpress.com/2016/02/02/publish-operations-and-service-manager-consoles-as-azure-remoteapp-programs/)

One great feature if you are using Azure AD Premium is that you can enable Conditional Access for your Azure RemoteApp Programs. Conditional Access will enable your organization to require Multi-Factor Authentication or required that the programs only can be accessed when at work. In this blog post I will show how this can be configured.

Requirements for Conditional Access for Azure RemoteApp Programs

The following requirements must be met to enable Conditional Access for Azure RemoteApp Programs:

  • Conditional Access are an Azure AD Premium feature, so your organization must be licensed for that
  • You must have created at least one Azure RemoteApp Collection
  • At least one user/group must be assigned to a Program in the Azure RemoteApp Collection

If all these requirements are met, you will see this “Microsoft Azure RemoteApp” Application in your Azure AD:

Configuring Conditional Access for Microsoft Azure RemoteApp

Select the Microsoft Azure RemoteApp Application and go to the Configure tab:

When enabling Access Rules, you can select to enable it for All Users, or for selected Groups. Both options can have exceptions for groups that you don’t want to have Access Rules:

For the Rules you have 3 options for Conditional Access:

You can require Multi-Factor Authentication for the groups/users you selected above, every time they launch a RemoteApp Program Session. I

Another scenario, if you define your work network locations, you can require MFA when not at work, or block the application completely.

To configure trusted IPs, click on the link to get to the MFA Service Settings:

User Experience for Azure RemoteApp Conditional Access

So, how does this look for the user when accessing Azure RemoteApp Programs?

Require Multi-Factor Authentication

I launch my selected Azure RemoteApp Client, and clicking on a RemoteApp Program:

When launching the program, I’m prompted for MFA as expected:

If I sign in with the Azure RemoteApp HTML5 Preview client, https://www.remoteapp.windowsazure.com/web, the Multi-Factor Authentication will be performed before you see your Work Resources.

Block access when not at work

If I selected the Access Rule for Blocking Access when not at work, I will get this message if I’m not on a trusted network:

Conclusion

Meeting the requirements, we can verify that Conditional Access can be enabled for selected groups of users, and it will apply to all the Azure RemoteApp Programs you have published. Note that you cannot enable this specifically for selected Azure RemoteApp Programs, it will be for all the RemoteApp Programs or none.